Whiplash Injury: What You Need To Know

What is Whiplash Injury?

Whiplash is a neck injury that occurs due to its sudden back and forth movements. Although car accidents usually cause whiplash, any sudden blow or impact that makes the neck move forward or backward causes it. In whiplash, the muscles, tendons, or ligaments of the neck move beyond their normal limits, resulting in overstretching or tearing. As a result, it can be called a neck strain or sprain.

What are the causes of Whiplash Injury?

The sudden back and forth movement of the neck may injure spinal bones, disks (cushions) between bones, ligaments, muscles, or nerves. People usually sustain a whiplash injury in the following:

What are the symptoms of Whiplash Injury?

Symptoms of the diseases usually develop within a day following the accident. Sometimes, they may take a while to develop, though. Whiplash symptoms include:

Some people also have the following symptoms:

How to diagnose of Whiplash Injury?

Doctors diagnose whiplash based on the following:

What is the prognosis of Whiplash Injury?

Whiplash is a relatively mild condition. Most people get better within weeks following the injury. But in some people, it can cause pain or discomfort that lasts months or years even. As a result, the prognosis of whiplash injury is variable and unpredictable.

What are the treatments of Whiplash Injury?

To relieve pain and muscle stiffness following medications may be given:

In addition to medications, other therapies play a crucial role in building muscles strength and restoring neck movements. Doctors will recommend:

What is the role of interventional pain management in whiplash?

In some situations, simple management with medications, rest, and physical therapy are not enough and pain continues. So, in these cases, interventional pain management plays a crucial role. The most commonly done interventions are:

  1. Cervical epidural steroid injection under C-arm guidance
  2. Facet joint injections with or without radiofrequency
  3. Myofascial trigger oint injections.