Sacroiliac Joint Arthritis: What You Need To Know

What is Sacroiliac Joint Arthritis or Sacroiliitis?

Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) arthritis or sacroiliitis is a painful condition of the lower back (also known as sacroiliitis in broader terms). The inflammation and degenerative changes of one or both sacroiliac joints lead to pain in the lower back and buttocks. The pain may also extend down into the legs. About 15 to 30 percent of lower back pain is due to sacroiliitis, with arthritis being the leading cause.

What are the causes of Sacroiliac Joint Arthritis?

Various forms of arthritis that affect other joints also affect the sacroiliac joints. These types include

Other factors that increase the risk of getting SIJ arthritis are:

What are the symptoms of Sacroiliac Joint Arthritis?

In SIJ arthritis, you may experience the following symptoms:

How to make a diagnosis of Sacroiliac Joint Arthritis?

The diagnosis of SJ arthritis is quite difficult to make since many conditions present with similar symptoms. The doctor will make the diagnosis on the following:

What is the prognosis of Sacroiliac Joint Arthritis?

Prognosis depends on the cause of your sacroiliac joint arthritis. Most types of arthritis do not have a cure, and the focus of treatment is to manage lower back pain and other symptoms. If non-surgical options fail, surgery may be necessary.

What are the treatments of Sacroiliac Joint Arthritis?

Your doctor may recommend the following treatments: