Knee Plica Syndrome: What You Need To Know

What is Plica Syndrome?

Plica is a shelf-like fold of the synovial membrane that failed to resolve during fetal development. It is present in about 50 percent of the population. Plica syndrome is when this membranous fold gets inflamed and irritated. Although plica allows normal movement and most plicae are asymptomatic, overuse of or an injury to the knee joint leads to developing the symptoms of plicae syndrome.

What are the causes of Plica Syndrome?

You can develop plicae syndrome by stressing and overusing your knee. Various causes of plicae syndrome include:

What are the symptoms of Plica Syndrome?

If you have plicae syndrome, you may feel the following symptoms:

How to make a diagnosis of Plica Syndrome?

Diagnosis of plica syndrome is quite difficult to make. The doctor will make the diagnosis based on the following:

What is the prognosis of Plica Syndrome?

The prognosis of plicae syndrome is quite good. Symptoms are relieved easily. With physical therapy and pain medications, most people feel relief within six to eight weeks. Although treatment does not require surgery, the success rate for the plicae syndrome surgery is very high.

What are the treatments of Plica Syndrome?

Your doctor may recommend the following:

What are the interventional pain management options?

The following interventions can be done:

  1. Corticosteroid injection in knee joint if your condition does not respond to typical pain medications. It relieves pain and helps in rehab program.
  2. Redifrequency or cryoneurolysis can be done if pain is not responding.

What is the role of surgery?

Arthroscopic surgery if your condition does not respond to physical therapy or interventions.