Inguinal, Genital and Perineal Neuralgias

Ilioinguinal, Iliohypogastric, Genitofemoral, and Pudendal Neuralgias are very annoying and cause neuralgic pain in inguinal, genital and perineal areas. Nerve entrapments cause this pain. That is why, there will be burning, cramping, and electric shock-like symptoms. Let us discuss these nerve entrapments in more detail.

Ilioinguinal Neuralgia

Ilioinguinal neuralgia is a painful condition of the lower abdomen, pelvis, and inner thigh. The pain may also radiate into the genitalia. Straightening the back often worsens the pain as it leads to nerve irritation. As a result, people remain in a bent-over position to relieve pain.

Causes

Ilioinguinal neuralgia is caused by:

Symptoms

Ilioinguinal neuralgia causes tenderness, numbness, and burning or stabbing pain which has the following characteristics:

Diagnosis

The doctor makes the diagnosis based on:

Prognosis and Treatment

The doctor may recommend the following treatments:

Iliohypogastric Neuralgia

Iliohypogastric neuralgia is the burning pain caused by the damage to the iliohypogastric nerve. The nerve supplies some belly muscles and the skin above the genitals and on the buttock. As a result, pain is felt over these areas of the body.

Causes

The iliohypogastric nerve originates alongside the ilioinguinal nerve. Hence, both nerves are damaged by the same types of causes which include:

Symptoms of Iliohypogastric Neuralgia

Burning or stabbing pain in the groin, above the genitals, and buttock area is the most prominent symptom. Other symptoms include tenderness and numbness in these areas. Iliohypogastric neuralgia can weaken the abdominal muscles and lead to many complications in this area.

Diagnosis

The doctor makes the diagnosis of iliohypogastric neuralgia based on the following:

Prognosis and Treatment

The prognosis of iliohypogastric neuralgia is good. The doctor may recommend the following treatments:

Genitofemoral Neuralgia

Genitofemoral neuralgia causes burning pain and numbness in the area supplied by the genitofemoral nerve. The nerve has two branches. The femoral branch supplies the skin of the inner and front sides of the thigh. The genital branch supplies the skin of the testicles in men and the vulva (skin of outer and inner vaginal lips and their surrounding skin) in women. 

Causes

The causes of genitofemoral neuralgia include:

The condition rarely occurs by itself.

Symptoms

Symptoms of genitofemoral neuralgia depend upon the location or nerve irritation. General symptoms include:

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is based on the following:

Treatment

The doctor may recommend the following treatments: