Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis: That You Need To Know

What is Glenohumeral Joint? Is it the same as Shoulder Joint?

The shoulder is not a single joint. Surprisingly, this joint has four joints namely the glenohumeral joint, acromioclavicular joint, sternoclavicular joint, and scapulothoracic joint. Out of these, the glenohumeral joint is the largest synovial joint of the shouler.

What is Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis?

Glenohumeral joint arthritis is the pain and stiffness of the shoulder joint formed between the humeral head and glenoid cavity. It leads to bone erosion, functional limitation, and disability. The most commonly affecting form of arthritis is osteoarthritis—the degeneration of cartilage covering the head of the humerus and glenoid cavity. Other forms of arthritis that affect the glenohumeral joint such as rheumatoid arthritis: are less common.

What are the causes of Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis?

The pain and swelling are due to the friction between bones caused by loss of cartilage and inflammation of the ligaments, tendons, or synovial membrane covering the joint cavity. Joint arthritis is caused by:

What are the symptoms of Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis?

You may experience the following symptoms:

How to make a diagnosis of Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis?

The diagnosis of glenohumeral joint arthritis is made based on:

What is the prognosis of Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis?

There is no cure for glenohumeral joint arthritis. Medications, physical therapy, and other treatment options help slow the progression of the disease and relieve symptoms. Surgery may be needed if the condition does not respond to available nonsurgical treatments.

What are the treatments of Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis?

The doctor may recommend the following:

What are interventional managements?

There are many non-surgical interventional managements before going for surgery. These are:

  1. Intraarticular steroid injection is the simplest one. It relieve pain and improve the symptoms.
  2. Platelet rich plasma injection helps in regeration of joint when joint is degenerated.
  3. Radiofrequency or cryoablation helps in reducing pain when other options has failed and the pationt is not willing for operation.