Elbow pain is very common an often caused by repetitive microtrauma to surrounding structures due to repetitive activities or over use of hand , wrist and arm.

Elbow joint  formed where three bones come together – your  arm bone called the humerus above and the radius and the ulna below the forearm bones .They  are keep in place with tough tissues called ligaments .And tendons connect bones to muscle to allow to move arm in different ways.

Elbow disorder may involve

Common causes

 Elbow pain that encountered in day to day activity are

Most of the elbow pain are due to strained and inflamed soft tissues.

Sign & symptoms of common elbow disease:

Tennis elbow– it is also known as lateral epicondylitis. You may feel a localize pain out side of elbow joint that worse by active movement of wrist with an inability to hold a cup and grip strength become diminish.

Golfer’s elbow– it is also known as medial  epicondylitis. You may feel a localize pain inner side of elbow joint that worse by active movement of wrist with an inability to hold a cup and  grip strength become diminish

Olecranon bursitis –  its also called student’s elbow .pain start at back of the elbow with a swelling during extension.

Cubital bursitis –  pain  at front of the elbow with a swelling during flexion.

Tardy ulnar palsy– you may have pain front of the elbow with  muscle weakness of hand & forearm   and muscle wasting & loss of sensation inner aspect of hand. you may have  also burning or numbness in your hand ,arm &fingers.

Radial tunnel syndrome– You may feel a localize pain out side  of elbow joint that worse by active movement of wrist with an inability to hold a cup and  grip strength become diminish .sometimes tingling and burning sensation may present.

Diagnosis:

Most of the elbow pain can be diagnosed after a simple examination and clinical features. It is unlikely you will need  to have any special test.

Doctor may suggest an X-ray,  which can show any new bone growth, small pieces  of loose bone or arthritis. Sometimes a nerve conduction test may needed if you have been having problems with nerve.

Management:

                   Ice/hot compression

                  Rest (Brace or immobilization)

                  Elbow padding

                  Physical therapy

                  Pain killer- paracetamol , NSAID’s.

                  Steroids injection

                  Platelate rich plasma injection

                  Surgical management.